What is Cocaine?
Cocaine is a stimulant and comes from the coca plant native to South America. The plant has a long and ancient history of helping a user push past pain, hunger, and exhaustion. Cocaine arrived in the form of an anesthetic in the late 1800’s and has had a place in the illegal drug community ever since. Infamously popular in high stress financial environments and glamorized in the American celebrity culture beginning in the 1970’s, it gradually gained a foothold across all social and economic brackets. A knockoff form of cocaine called crack was cheaper and more easily obtained, ravaging lower income communities.
Cocaine: How it looks, tastes, and smells.
Cocaine is usually manufactured as a white powder and ingested most commonly by way of nasal snorting Crack on the other hand usually takes the form of rocklike substances and is usually smoked.
Purity is a big deal to cocaine abusers. Since is often cut with sugar or over the counter anesthetics to increase profit margins, the purer the product, the higher price it will demand.
Although it has a natural flowery odor and taste, because of chemicals used to remove it from the coca plant it tastes bitter and metallic. Crack has been reported to create a smell similar to burnt plastic and rubber.
How cocaine affects the brain
The brain’s reward pathway gets excited by a variety of stimuli. Sex, food, and other pleasurable activities all release dopamine, which is the chemical that tells the brain to be happy. Unfortunately, so do many illegal drugs and substances. A healthy brain maintains healthy levels of dopamine by cycling it into a part of the brain called a synapse, where it causes feelings of positivity and joy. Eventually, a transporter protein removes the dopamine, and stores it away for future use. Cocaine blocks the moving out stage. By forcing it to remain in the synapse, it builds up without limits and cause initial bursts of energy, wakefulness, and skyrocketing euphoria. This is the ‘high’ experienced by a cocaine user.
Cocaine Abuse Statistics in Indiana
Cocaine is too common among the youth of Indiana. In 2017, 4% of the 18 to 25-year old demographic reported using the drug. It is often found at the college and high school party scene and must be addressed through education programs and other such initiatives. It overloads the criminal justice system as well, with over 1500 arrests for both possession and manufacture/sales, respectively.
The practice of mixing cocaine with opioids like fentanyl has increased the overdose and death rates both in Indiana and across the country. Death from overdoses linked to cocaine tripled from 2013 to 2018 in the United States and is reflected in Indiana as well.
Avenues Recovery Center at Fort Wayne cocaine addiction rehab program
Avenues Recovery Center, a drug and alcohol detox and residential rehab facility in Fort Wayne Indiana, recognizes the danger cocaine abuse poses to our community. Our skilled team of professionals have formulated programs infused with expertise and empathy to combat the effects cocaine has on users. We have established a pathway to lasting recovery and a productive, meaningful, lifestyle.
Street names for Cocaine
- Big C
Noticing Cocaine Addiction In Loved Ones
- Dilated pupils
- Long periods of wakefulness
- Loss of appetite
- Runny nose or frequent sniffling
- White powder around nostrils
- Legal issues
- Missing or being late to work
- Financial problems
- Mood swings
Health Risks of Cocaine Addiction
Regular use of cocaine increases risk of hear disease and failure, strokes, and severe lung damage. Sense of smell can be destroyed when snorted often. Also reported in people suffering from cocaine addiction are convulsions, seizures, and progressive bowel decay. Pregnant women abusing cocaine run the risk of miscarriage, hemorrhaging, and early labor, as the substance can cause contraction of the uterus.