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Adderall Addiction

Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Adderall – What it is
  3. Long term effects of Adderall
  4. Affect on Respiratory and Circulatory Systems
  5. Effects of Heavy Adderall Usage on the Brain
  6. Some Other Effects
  7. Adderall Crash
  8. Final Thoughts

What is Adderall Addiction?

Many use Adderall for treating their ADHD condition. ADHD refers to attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

The primary purpose of Adderall is to help patients improve their focusing and concentration abilities. Since it is a stimulant for the central nervous system, many people even without the ADHD condition can experience the same effects.

But what exactly does Adderall do and what are its effects on our bodies and nervous system? Let’s find out all details below.

Adderall- What it is

Adderall is a prescription drug and a brand name. It combines two powerful drugs for treating two common conditions primarily:

  1. Narcolepsy or daytime sleepiness
  2. ADHD

Many people, who don’t even suffer from ADHD or narcolepsy resort to taking Adderall because of certain effects. For starters, the drug has a significant impact on some chemicals that our brain produces naturally.

It does so by acting upon norepinephrine and dopamine and enhancing their effects on us. You can find Adderall either as a time-releasing capsule or as a tablet. But mind you, this drug does affect your sleep capacity. Experts believe it is best to consume it in the mornings.

Doctors typically recommend this drug for ADHD when they’re attempting to improve a patient’s attention span, impulsive behavior and hyperactivity. Reputable medical institutions support the fact that Adderall is an effective stimulant for ADHD symptoms.

The doctors begin treatment with this drug with low doses, just to ensure that patients are coping well with it. As time goes on, the healthcare providers slowly increase the dosages.

For best outcomes, doctors recommend combining the supportive drug with behavioral therapy for patients. However, it is important for the patients to enlighten their doctors about any pre-existing medical complications they may have.

It is also wise to discuss any health problems a patient is struggling with, as well as the other over-the-counter and prescription medicines they’re on. One never knows how reactive a certain condition or other medicine might be with Adderall. Seeking a doctor’s approval eliminates risks.

We also highly encourage you to never consume this drug without medical supervision. You must note that Adderall is a substance that the federal authorities control, for good reason.

Long-Term Effects of Heavy Adderall Usage

Adderall is a tricky substance and one can only derive its maximum benefits if they consume as per the instructions of their doctors. But what about those who abuse this substance?

Heavy usage of this drug has been shown to produce several adverse effects. Abusers of this drug may end up with conditions like paranoia, sleep deprivation, panic attacks, mood swings, irritability and depression.

Some of the common negative effects include:

  • Mood swings
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Depression
  • Fatigue and lethargy
  • De-motivation
  • Poor concentration
  • Seep depravation or difficulty fall asleep
  • Constipation
  • Tremors
  • Headaches
  • Weight loss
  • Heart disease
  • Panic attacks
  • Anxiety
  • Hallucination
  • Paranoia

How Adderall can affect Your Respiratory and Circulatory Systems

Adderall and other stimulants have impact on circulatory and respiratory systems. Some of these including increasing our heart beat, raising the blood sugar and constricting our blood vessels.

In many cases, this stimulant can also obstruct your blood circulation to a great extent. Hence, your fingers and toes may turn numb, hurt or turn red or blue. Several times this drug has had such serious repercussions that patients have also suffered strokes and cardiac arrests.

In case one does consume this substance and consequently experiences breathing difficulties, breath shortage or chest pain, it is best to rush to the ER. You must also contact your doctor immediately if you feel a fainting spell coming on.

Consuming this substance with alcohol is a recipe for disaster. It can lead to serious heart damage and problems. Many people have also experienced worse intoxication after consuming alcohol and Adderall together. This deadly combination can result in alcohol poisoning.

Effects of Heavy Adderall Usage on the Brain

We mentioned how the primary effects of this drug include enhancing the energy levels and concentration span. But the negative effects of this are that the drug may also reduce one’s appetite and sleep needs. 

This drug plays upon our neurotransmitters, primarily dopamine and then norepinephrine and serotonin. With continuous use, Adderall keeps affecting our dopamine activities and soon significantly alters our pleasure levels.

It targets the reward center in our brain and changes how we experience pleasure without needing amphetamine. As we keep topping up our Adderall intake, the changes become more and more permanent. Soon the body’s tolerance to the drug expands and the person need to keep increasing doses to feel the desirable effects.

When addicts fail to top off their drug consumption, their bodies feel the withdrawal symptoms. The dosage amount, the manner of drug abuse and similar factors determine the level of independence on the drug.

One can abuse this drug in more than one way. For example, an addict may crush the pill and then snort or inject it. This approach sends the drug faster into the brain than consuming it as a whole and letting your digestive tract transport it.  

This manner is also the most dangerous and can be fatal through over-dosage and addiction. At the very least, heavy usage of this drug induces suicidal thoughts, anxious and fearful emotions, paranoia, hallucinations and many unpleasant feelings.

Some Other Effects

Some other potential side effects of this drug include speech difficulties, changes in visions, hoarseness, restlessness and others. For adults, this substance can even have an impact on their sexual performance because it makes significant changes to the sex drive too.

As for children, Adderall can potentially slow down their development. It can also cause weakness, fever, limb numbness and certain allergic reactions. This substance can even have a certain level of negative impact on the digestive system.

It can cause:

  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Constipation
  • Stomach pain
  • Weight loss
  • Appetite loss

Due to these possible side effects, it is common for children consuming this medicine to experience a slower weight gain. For adults, the weight loss problem resulting from the drug is merely temporary and soon rectifies once tolerance increases.

Adderall Crash

We have discussed so far that this drug is a brand for two combination drug therapies. As such, it causes significant changes in one’s body, circulatory system, respiratory system and the central nervous system.

Hence, when someone stops taking this drug quite suddenly, they may likely experience a “crash” situation. In this, the person suffers some very unpleasant withdrawal symptoms, including sluggishness, depression and sleep deprivation etc.

It is best to seek a doctor’s approval first before one can discontinue the use of this drug. Being a stimulant, it can wear off within a short time and then you feel disconnect and quite sluggish. Sudden discontinuation of the drug can induce a temporary withdrawal-like situation for individuals.

By withdrawal symptoms, we refer to the following:

  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Panic attacks or phobias
  • Depression
  • Unhappiness
  • Lack of energy or fatigue
  • Anxiety
  • Intense hunger

Doctors start off on a low dose to reduce withdrawal symptoms .In case of discontinuation, your body will not suffer the craving that comes from drug abuse.

You must also take the drug at intervals. Mornings are the best time to take it. This too reduces chances of withdrawal symptoms and does not destroy your sleep pattern at night.

In case one does suffer Adderall crash, it is best to seek the doctor’s help immediately. This way the doctor keeps a strict check on how you’re coping with the drug’s discontinuation. In case you show any signs of suicidal thoughts or depression, the doctor will be able to address it with antidepressants.

Since no drugs can really help with Adderall withdrawal symptoms, it is also best to maintain a routine of regular exercising and nutritious meals. These help alleviate the situation significantly while healthcare professionals work to minimize the other risks.

Also maintaining a timely sleeping pattern helps to overcome withdrawal symptoms. You could pick up a calming hobby an hour before bedtime to help you drift off.

Final Thoughts

Adderall is a drug-brand that combines two powerful therapies. Its primary goal is to treat conditions like ADHD-attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. The main function of the drug is to change the activity of your brain’s natural chemical and make you feel good.

It is a stimulant that increases your focus, concentration span and energy levels. Behavioral problems can also be treated with Adderall. However, an addiction to this powerful drug can have severe and even fatal side effects. The best mode of consumption is to follow the doctors prescribed dosage.

You must also strictly stay under your doctor’s supervision when consuming the drug, to prevent substance abuse and addiction. If necessary, Avenues Recovery of Indiana is available to provide treatment.

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Brooke Abner,

Motivational Coach